I came across a small project online that aimed to use some of the guiding thoughts of mindfulness to encourage photography practice. It sounded like a restful concept in these stressful and difficult times, so I took a look and thought you might like to try this relaxing idea.
What is Mindfulness?
Although some people are quick to dismiss mindfulness as ‘woo woo’ or unhelpful. It forms one part of the meditation practice of millions of people worldwide.
At its most simple, mindfulness is bringing your attention to the present moment; such as noticing sounds or feelings, without labelling them with words like good or wrong. If you meditate this might mean feeling your breath moving in and out of your body. I have not seen a mindfulness photography course but I have seen a couple of books online.
Mindfulness is the practice of deliberately bringing your attention to something in the present moment.
The aim with mindful photography is to create an image that has a calming effect on the viewer. So, grab your camera and head out, or across the room with no agenda and no ideas about what you might photograph, although I am sure there will be a cat in the way somewhere!
The aim is to crate an image that feels serene and calm, and make your viewer feel the same.
How do I take a Mindful Photograph?
Here are some helpful prompts for a mindful photo:
Think of adjectives, describing words that mean calm to you; like softness, fur, relaxed, smooth. Try for quietness and a peaceful state of mind and incorporate these feelings into your photographs.
Look for a light smooth range of tones nothing too strong or sudden. The range of tones in tabby fur or ginger is a great place to start.
Set aside time for your project. An hour, a quiet morning, whenever you can find some time. Try not to worry about the other distractions in your day and carry over the calm you are nurturing into your photos.
Don’t rush. Slow down and focus on you and your camera working together. Just take photos without expectation. The colour of a cat’s fur, or the contrast in texture between a cat’s paw and a wooden floor.
Unlike last week’s secret iPhone menu post, don’t worry about camera settings this time. Go with your smartphone’s default settings or ‘Auto’ or Av/A on your DSLR. Maybe even try black and white.
Above all, enjoy a relaxed time. If you even take just one photo that says ‘peaceful’ to you, your mindful photography exploration will be a success.
Even if you are not skilled in meditation this is a useful exercise that will absorb a lot of thought and maybe relax you. If you do want to look at meditation then check out one of the free Daily Calm meditations on You Tube.
Have you ever tried an exercise like this? Did you like it, or do you think you might try it?
Did you know you that Apple have hidden an extra menu in your iPhone photo app? It could be your iPhone’s best kept cat photo secret. No, it’s not hard to find and these super quick tips will help you find it (and take batter photos), in no time!
So many people, including me, had not explored it because they didn’t know it was there!
Your Usual iPhone Interface
Let me show you a quick example of an iPhone ith the photo app open.
Your iPhone camera interface will look like this when you open it. You may see Photo, Portrait, Video, Slo-Mo and Panorama functions. These are all great options when you are using your iPhone as your main camera, as well as your ‘phone every day and you can use your thumb or finger to scroll through the options. So far so good. These are all things you might have used before BUT….
What happens when you put your finger on the screen and slide it from left to right….?
Eureka! A hidden menu appears. A menu that will help you improve your smartphone photos without elaborate apps and other camera software, right then and there.
The iPhone Hidden Menu
Holding your ‘phone horizontally and take a moment to look at this new menu. You will see a range of tools to help you adjust your photos.
A Self Timer
Format adjustments, including square for Instagram
The menu is easy to access and each of these menus has a short series of adjustments you can make very quickly when you point your phone at your cat. Is kitty too dark? Don’t stress, adjust your exposure a bit. Need an Insta snapshot fast? Change your format on the fly. All within the photo app itself.
Where did I find this goldmine of information to share? In the iPhone Photography academy and its amazing iPhone course (affiliate link) that I am taking part in right now! I have only just started and I am hugely impressed with the content so far (and ye I am fussy about the courses I pay for). I love my DSLR but as a lifelong learner this course is so much fun and as a skill builder it is amazing.
Can you find the menu on your iPhone? OK I admit it, Android users get a pass this week!
One of the important things I learned on a photo course I took as a beginner a few years ago was to shoot up at something as it empowers your subject. When I saw a photo opportunity this week, posed high up, of course I grabbed my camera and carefully stepped out into the garden. What had I seen? A tabby on rainy tin roof!
Having said that, one of my most popular posts of 2021 was about shooting photographs downwards and how this can make your cat photos stand out as special. Cats can get away with anything as a model can’t they?
Grabbing A Tabby On A Rainy Tin Roof Opportunity!
The house next to ours is further up the hill so everything is raised; first the driveway and garage, and then the steps back up to the house.
This shot shows the tabby perched on a corner of the high garage roof. Typically, as I stepped out to take a photo it began to shower and you can see the raindrops. I had to keep my fingers crossed that I didn’t get my lens wet when I moved quietly around to a good position for a better shot. I carefully raised my camera and adjusted the telephoto lens.
Back at the computer, I have gently lifted some of the colour from the green hosepipes you may be able to see beside kitty. It looked pretty horrible before and softening it looks a lot better. This was my best view of the gorgeous tabby cat.
Fast shutter speeds are generally used to reduce time and freeze the moment. For example, in wildlife photography, fast shutter speeds are used to capture a bird flying in the sky.
If you look below the tabby you can see that the ISO is 800 which is quite high (this means it was darker than I expected) and the speed I needed to get a resonably sharp shot was 1/320. This enabled me to avoid any camera shake as I held the heavier 55-250mm lens.
Have you taken an upward looking photo that surprised you?
There are dozens of online options for getting someone else to create a stunning celebration image of your cat but, what if you want to create a more personal image? Something you will add a piece of your heart to as you create it?
I have developed a digital pet portrait project and two short videos that will help you create your own celebration cat image, or a remembrance for a loved family cat. The decisions you make, the photo and backgrounds you add, bring your own depth of love and value to your cat picture.
I have graded this as an advanced beginner project but it is not hard for anyone who wants to give it a try following the step by steps.
The reason for the more ‘advanced’ label is that the project uses tools I have not covered on the blog. Be brave try it – you will be glad you did.
This 3 minute video shows the project instructions in visual format.Rotate a smartphone screen for a larger playback.
The finished work will be one that you can print off on to a photo canvas, cards, or on a t-shirt, or you can share it online.
I believe that creating a cat portrait yourself from a photo means you can enjoy the fun in your digital exploration, learn two computer software tools and treasure the bond, or memory, of your cat.
Once you get the idea, the opportunities for celebration or commemoration are limitless as are the number of layers you can use.
First, for those who have not used layers and overlays before, let me introduce these two new tools that beginners might not have explored.
An Introduction to Layers and Overlays
With layers I am using the basic definition, as found in Wikipedia. I hope you will find helpful as a beginner, I know I did. “Layers are used in digital image editing to separate different elements of an image. A layer can be compared to a transparency on which effects or further images are applied. They are placed over or under the image.”
In photography, overlays are an image or texture that is added as an additional layer to your photograph added using an editing program like Affinity Photo or Photoshop Elements. If you need a visual idea of what an overlay can do, check out my simple overlays post. Photographers use overlays to add a texture or interest that was not in the original image such as mist, snow or sparkles.
Note: Layers can also be called Adjustment Layers and Mask Layers when used in other creative work. For this beginner’s project I will use the term ‘layer’ as a simple description of a stackable element like layers in a sandwich or an onion.
This video gives a quick introduction to adding a single overlay. If you are a visual learner, seeing the process in action might give you a clearer idea of the steps you need to take.
What You Need To Create A Cat Portrait
A photograph of your cat. This can be a digital image you have taken or a scanned image of an older treasured photograph. I recommend one with space around your cat. A portrait, or a napping cat, works better than a cat being held by someone. Sharply focused is good but if the photo is slightly fuzzy that’s OK. If your image has a lot of clutter a work around can be to use your software’s selection tool*. The black cat image below gives you an idea of what works.
You will need a background image – this can be a garden, general landscape or something specific to you. I use a treasured Cat Writer’s Association Certificate for my project background of Dot (below) and I have also used foliage from our garden.
A digital photo editing program like Affinity Photo, Photoshop Elements or PaintShop Pro.
Optional: Overlay images. These can be stars or snow or something else that your image tells you that you need. Check out Luxe Lens for an idea of what’s available. Luxe is one paid option of high quality. Pexels has free stock photos you can use as backgrounds and textures. The overlay is ‘optional’ because, sometimes, you may add your first layer and then be happy with the result. Everything depends on what you want and what you want your image to say.
Time to work through your cat celebration project. You can save your project at any time if you need to take a break. If you don’t ‘get something’ first time let your mind process this new skill or idea and go back to it later.
One question I am asked about overlays is “why should I pay for an overlay when I can get free ones? One word ‘consistency’. If you discover you love this project and want to make a series on a similar theme then a paid overlay will make your images look more coherent as a series. Overlays are easy to download and import into your editing application. They are fun too.
TOP TIP Along the way you might discover that you create something amazing. If you do, save it as an image and don’t lose it. I promise you will not remember the steps you took to create it.
Create Your Celebration Image
I love working with photo editing software and overlays and I hope you will too. Read through the instructions to see the steps you take. This way you know what is coming up (no scary surprises!) If you are not sure of any steps, read the instructions a few times, watch the videos, and work through each section slowly.
If you are not sure which direction your portrait should develop in, give yourself permission to play around and learn the process. Collect images and potential backgrounds and try them out. The more you play, the more you will understand and learn. You will create a portrait filled with love and respect for your cat.
In this project I will be using a Luxe Lens overlay and Affinity Photo photograph editing software. Layers and blending modes are the same across all computer digital image editing apps and they will be in a similar location, under a layers tab or menu. In the slideshow below I have used a Luxe Lens bubble overlay, and a birthday image from Envato Elements.
Mistakes don’t matter, they can help you learn by showing you what can happen. Be positive and have fun.
Top Layer Tip
When beginning to use layers be aware of which layer is highlighted in the column located on the right-hand side of your applications window. It will be a lighter colour than the others. This is the layer you are working on. Take a look at the blue highlighted layer in the screenshots of this tutorial. Any changes or additions you make will affect only the layer you have highlighted. If you want to use more than three layers make sure they are clearly labelled e.g. Main Photo, Bubble Layer, Party Image etc.,
You will create an image from a photograph with a layer behind it and an overlay in front. You will also use the Eraser tool which is a fun part!
TOP TIP: To make creating your image easier resize your three images/overlays so they are the same size, before you start. This will avoid you having to add your layer and resize each one as you go. Look for Resize, or Document along the top of your software’s window.
Open Your Cat Photograph (Layer 1)
Select your photograph and open it in your photo editing software. This is your first layer.
This layer is your main focus, you embellish and adjust around this image. Whatever your celebration or commemoration I hope you understand from my examples how a clear image can be helpful. [For use in this blog post the image of Dot was rized at 1000 x 770 pixels.]
Here you can see my Dot Kitten image before I add the second layer, the award that becomes the background, thanks to the next steps you take.
Add Layer 2
Open your second image in your photo editing program.
Copy this image Cmd/Ctrl A to highlight then Cmd/Ctrl C to copy.
Then paste it on to your original image (Cmd/Ctrl V).
Your first image will disappear underneath but don’t panic!
Look at your Layers Menu. You will see two images.
Make sure your layer of background that will go behind your cat image is highlighted like my example here. For me this is an award certificate, you may use foliage, a landscape, a collage of cat toys, anything.
Now you will adjust the transparency of your second image (the Certificate). Look for the word ‘Opacity‘ in your Layers menu. This may be set at 100% to start with. Beside it will be a drop down menu of different blending options (modes).
For this project select Overlay, but take a look at the others while you are here to see the impact blends can have. Some are cool and some are crazy!
Adjust the transparency of the overlay layer. I have set mine to 85% as I want to show the background but you may set a more soft ghostly 70%. The choice is yours.
Do not be concerned about the background showing through your cat. We remove this in the next step.
Finessing Your The Cat Image
With your background layer still highlighted in the layers column find your Eraser. In your software it should look like a stylised rectangular eraser (or rubber in the U.K.) and be located on the left side of your editing screen.
Select your Eraser tool and adjust the size if it is very big or too small.
With your second image selected, try a few strokes to start removing the background you can see on top of your cat’s figure. Be careful not to go beyond your cat’s shape.
If you take off too much Cmd/Ctrl Z takes you back a step.
Remove the pattern or texture from your cat’s portrait so that it looks clear again.
It is a good idea to save your image at this point (if you haven’t already)
Adding An Overlay Layer (Layer 3)
This layer is optional because you might be happy with your portrait as it is. If this is the case stop here, save your work and finish. If you are curious about adding an overlay layer continue with the next steps.
You can add any texture as an overlay. Something like lichen or stone might seem unlikely but the key word is texture. You will be adding a subtle overlay (50% or less) that binds your image together visually. An alternative overlay might be something humorous like bubbles or even stars. I have used a simple gold sparkle to Dot’s image and softened the overlay on the final image. Luxe Lens (and other paid) overlays have transparent backgrounds which makes them easy to add to your image and adjust.
Copy your overlay (Cm/Ctrl A) to highlight then Cmd/Ctrl C to copy.
Paste this on to your original image (Cmd/Ctrl V).
Adjust the transparency of your overlay (mine is gold sparkles). Look for the word ‘Opacity‘ in your Layers menu.
Select ‘Overlay’ as in the previous step or try one of the other blend modes.
See if you like the results. If not you can delete the layer.
Save your finished image. (see below)
Saving Your Image For Future Use
I recommend you save your image at a high resolution. This will make the file size very large but it will ensure your image prints well as a canvas or cards. You can save a further copy to share online but saving a good quality image when you first finish is essential as this will give you more options later.
Check the size of something like a photo canvas in online stores like Snapfish You will find canvases of different sizes and shapes, as well as the new flatter photo tiles (square) and printable garments for adults and children.
If you still have problems you can email me through my contact page.
Selection tool. If you need to cut out your cat from a busy background try the selection tool. How the tool works depends on your own software selection i.e. Photoshop (Elements) Affinity Photo, PaintShop Pro etc., A quick search online will show you how your software treats different selections. The developer’s website and YouTube are excellent sources for the information I do not have space for here.
Today’s post showcases a fun and super easy way to create an instant bit of social media fun perfect for Christmas, or the summer holidays here in New Zealand. Grab your iPhone and use iPhone’s Magic Movie. I discovered this when I was short on time and wanted to get a video up online fast. How do I make a super quick movie like this one?
How to Use Apple Magic Movie
Click Start New Project
Select Magic Movie
Preview your clips and select the ones you want to use.
Using your finger, drag your clips into the order you like and click a clip to edit for length if you need to.
Press ‘Create Magic Movie’ at the bottom of your screen.
Magic Movie assembles your clips and stills into a short movie. (see Image 2)
Run your instant movie to see if you like it OR go back and edit some more …..
To do this, click on the pencil icon on the right to change or remove a clip.
Run your movie to see if you like it then upload.
After you create a Magic Movie project, you can rearrange the video clips and photos that you initially selected and experiment with different styles, music, text and filter options. You can also edit each video clip individually.
You have a surprising amount of control over your Magic Movie.
Tap the pencil beside each video clip to access editing options or remove the clip.
Top right on your screen you will see a small sparkly film strip. Tap this to change the presentation of your movie. You will see names like ‘Charm’ ‘Poster’ and ‘Contemporary’ all of which make changes to how your film starts and, if you need it, adds a piece of music, although you can chose your own purchased, or copyright assured music.
A good way to capture an impressive portrait of your cat without needing a lot of camera skills is to try a cat head shot. A close-up portrait of your cat can capture its fur texture, colour and personality without you worrying about your camera’s settings too much. For a beginner it’s a cool thing to try.
Whether you are capturing a cute cat head bonk, or a sophisticated showcat image, a few quick skills that will keep your photo looking good.
Your photo needs to be sharp.
Your photo needs to be close – just the head/shoulders.
Finally, aim to get the soft bokeh (focus) look behind your subject.
Move In Close Cat Portraits
Head shots mean just that; the cat’s head, or head and a bit of shoulder.
My prize winning series about Sam a foster cat included several headshots which told his story eloquently through fur texture and differently angled head shots. I took dozens of photographs of Sam (so don’t think I nailed every single shot perfectly first time, it took a while!)
Getting this close if your cat is skittish can be a challenge. What do you do? This is my compromise and you might like to try it.
Get as close as you comfortable can by movement or using a zoom lens and take the shot, then crop in close to achieve your head shot. It is not cheating if the alternative is you and your cat getting super stressed in a crazy chase for a close-up that you end up not using.
Smartphone Cose-up Tip
If you use a smartphone then try your camera’s ‘Portrait Mode. This option is in a different place depending on your own brand of phone so look for it, and try it. Not sure where it is? Start by checking your ‘phone’s camera, this often has the portrait option within the camera app.
Smartphone Portrait mode demands a certain distance between you and your subject before the function kicks in. Experiment to discover where your sweet spot it and aim to take your photos once you see the fuzziness appear around your subject.
If I use this function I usually have to crop down to a head shot but smartphone portrait mode can be so effective it’s a compromise I am happy to make and you will be too.
If you don’t have portrait mode then check out one of the dozens of apps that created a ‘bokeh effect’ around your subject.
The fact is some head shot poses work and others don’t but the good news is that more you try the better your head shots will get. I took dozens and dozens of almost but not quite there shots before I got a handle on keeping the focus point of my DSLR where I needed it, over a cat eye!
This quote from Adobe is one I appreciated. A professional photographer will have different intentions to you. The pro might be taking closeup photos of cats to celebrate show wins – images that may appear on print. You may be a proud cat dad or cat mom aiming to take a photo to make into a photo canvas for your wall.
Both need to be sharp but you are balancing sharpness with your love for your cat. Yes, this love and affection matters, it changes how your cat looks. They love you, and somehow this shows in their portrait.
To get a good headshot, a photographer needs to know whose headshot they’re taking and how it’s going to be used.
People will forgive you a lot if they can see a sharp cat eye. We, as humans, automatically check out eyes first and are happier when we can see them clearly. You can see what I mean in the picture above of Taz, a neighbourhood visitor. He draws your eye to his sharp and clear gaze.
For this photograph I captured him perched well above my height on a fence. I was grateful for my 55 – 250 mm zoom lens which allowed me to focus on a well lit cat with the contrast of soft foliage behind him. Natural light is the best!
Did I know the portrait would come out to well? Well, I wasn’t sure. I was focused on his right eye and holding my camera steady. If I had been a bit closer my trusty kit lens would have been a good bet for a nice shot too, so never discount your trusty beginner’s lens.
What if My Head Shot is Not Pin Sharp?
Don’t be disappointed. See what else you can do to enhance your image. One of my own favourite methods of boosting a photograph is to use the magic of filters even if they are a bit fuzzy.
What kind of filters can you use? This depends completely on the software you use. Affinity Photo or Photoshop can give you some serious filter power, but you don’t need to spend a lot to grab some cool effects. This watercolour effect portrait of Toulouse was transformed susing an early version of Photo Lab: Art Picture Editor, and below that, a monochrome image of Teddy was given a makeover by Affinity Photo.
Cat head shots need a bit of practice but the end result can be totally breathtaking. My portrait of neighbourhood friend Taz was part practice in action and part lucky shot but he came out beautifully and if I can do it, you can too.
Have you tried head shots of your cat? Were you pleased with the results?
Sometimes you can capture great joy in a simple image. Like our report on Puddy Tat the blind cat whose story I told recently. Another treasure I want to share is the grass peeping cat Toulouse.
We have several ornamental grasses in our garden and they are loved by the cats as a place to hide and leap out at other unsuspecting felines that pass by. Or, as is the case here, show off for my zoom lens!
I was pleased with this as the focus is in the middle distance with soft focus close to, and also in the far distance. This means the golden evening light shows Toulouse off perfectly. What do you think of his cheeky pose?