If you look at the photos in this post you will agree that the use of light and high contrast adds drama to them. The surprise is that I have so many photos like this and I get lots of questions about them.
We tend to judge photographs as good when they are clear, sharp and perfectly composed but, from the response I get when I post photos like the ones you see in this post, I am not sure this is true all the time. I am convinced that you can take photos like this so I gathered some of the best I have and reviewed the camera settings for you to try.
Extremes of light and shade can make your photographs look eye-catching because the focus is 100% on your cat, the background fades or is dark enough to frame the cat in a really nice way.
This image of Peaches from Neko Ngeru Cat Adoption Cafe (FAQ/Site) is a perfect example. I focused on her, from quite far away with my telephoto lens using Aperture Priority with the lens as low as I can get it f/5.6. The background seems very dark because of the intense sunshine. The shutter speed is 1/125
f/numbers used to be marked by mechanical indents in a ring on the lens that controlled the iris. These were ‘stops’, each stop corresponding to an area half the size of the preceding stop. So f/2 has half the area of f/1.4, f/2.8 half the area of f/2 (or one fourth the area of f/1.4). And so forth.Quora
F Numbers and High Contrast Photos
If you are new or not very practised with your DSLR, you should remember this. The lower the F-number the wider the aperture of your lens. Yes, this is a contrary way to look at it as a beginner but it is something everyone gets used to over time. You can imagine a stop of f/1.4 being as wide as a dinner plate and F/5.6 the size of a small coin, if you lie them side by side on a table.
The lower the F-number the wider a lens can go, and the more expensive the lens will be. This is due to the skill needed to manufacture and assemble complex lenses. These kind of lenses are used by professionals like sports or wildlife photographers and achieve breathtaking results.
The photo here of Silver the kitten have a whisker clean is similar. Strong sunlight, and the added cuteness of a little pink tongue and paw pads. brings the photo to life.
The difference between this and the one of Peaches is that I used a much higher ISO here – 3200. I usually start at ISO 200 as this is good for clear sharp pictures but I took a series of photos that were so dark you could not see Silver! I had to put on my ‘experimenter’s hat’ and bumped the ISO up as high as I could until I captured several good ones. This is the best and the cutest.
|f22||Very bright. Snow or white sand.|
|f11||Bright but some cloud.|
|f8||A cloudy day.|
|Ff||An overcast day or inside.|
|f4||Varying shade or maybe sunset time.|
|f2.8||Dusk or dim light.|
Not Every Photo Needs Special Settings
If the idea of extreme settings intimidates you then look at this picture of Tiger Lily. When I took it, I was trying out manual mode. The F-stop is F8 which is often used as a cloudy day setting. I got this result – dramatically shaded eyes, some deep shadows and vibrant shades of brown. The lesson here? Move outside your comfort zone, it might just work.
*In photography, through-the-lens (TTL) metering refers to a feature of cameras whereby the intensity of light reflected from the scene is measured through the lens; as opposed to using a separate metering window or external hand-held light meter.Full Wikipedia Text
Discover That Contrast Adds Drama – Experiment
The key is to experiment. Sometimes your photos will be amazing and sometimes you will have a few disappointments and disasters along the way. These will keep you on your photo toes, and don’t judge your images until you have downloaded them, and looked for your ‘diamond in the dust’.
I have discovered that my own best results have been created by starting in the same place each time and exploring from there. I begin changing ISO, or shutter speed, or aperture (if I am in manual mode).
- I will often start with my settings at ISO 200 and adjust around this. We all have to start somewhere!
- If I am taking cat photos I might stick to Aperture Priority (A on a Nikon) mode.
- Using either Aperture Priority or Manual I can push my f-stop out of the usual range for the light. The neighbour tabby below has a shutter speed of 1/400 which is quite fast for me.
- Then I move further to extreme settings.
- Some will work, some won’t. It’s part of the adventure not a measure of success or failure.
In photography, shutter speed or exposure time is the length of time when the film or digital sensor inside the camera is exposed to light, also when a camera’s shutter is open when taking a photograph. The amount of light that reaches the film or image sensor is proportional to the exposure time. 1/500 of a second will let half as much light in as 1/250.Full Wikipedia Text
My Top Extreme Photo Tip
One thing I do that helps is this. I listen to my shutter. As an aspiring cat photographer I listen to as well as look at my camera.
If the shutter sounds like a slow click or clunk I start to adjust settings because something is not working with my starter settings and I need to start making adjustments.
- I try changing the ISO
- I might adjust the shutter speed in manual
- I might push the f-stop up or down.
Use Black and White for Your Dramatic Photos
A final idea if you are not too happy with your photo.
Before you press the delete button, take some time to try adjustments using monochrome. The black and white photo option in your software settings can transform a photograph into something different and amazing.
The photo below of Anzu shows her turning away at a sudden sound. Initially, I was disappointed not to get a cute kitten ‘full face’ shot, but I opened the picture in Affinity Photo and adjusted a variety of tone and intensity settings. The result is a much more interesting shot than a tabby looking away, don’t you agree?
To adjust your images, you can use any photo software you have access to. Not everyone needs (or wants to pay for) Photoshop, but you can use online photo editors like Punapic or Foor for free, or photo software such as Mac’s Photos, GIMP, or Affinity Photo.
Extreme Settings Photo Gallery
Finally, I am adding a cat photo showcase that helps to show you how contrast adds drama by using lighting conditions that put your cat in the spotlight. The light may be sunshine, or it may be beside a lamp or window but it can certainly make your cat photos look totally different.
Have you ready to be brave and explore the bright light of summer?
- There is a comprehensive table showing shutter speeds at Shuttermuse. This is my current favourite read to improve F-stops.
- Monochrome with Dash Kitten Black and Whute Tutorial