Cat Reviews and News

Basepaws DNA Test for Cats: A Comprehensive Guide

Estimated reading time: 16 minutes

Curious about your feline friend’s genetic makeup? Look no further than Basepaws’ cat complete DNA test range, which promises to identify your cat’s breed and provide valuable insights into their health.

Unlock the secrets of your cat’s breed and health. The Catkit reviewed here gives you a comprehensive DNA test that dives deep into your feline friend’s ancestry, providing fascinating insights.

DashKitten.com received a complimentary Catkit DNA Testing Set for review. We are proud affiliates of Basepaws and you will find their sponsored affiliate links in this post. I only share news and products I feel is relevant to Dash Kitten readers.

A big plus is that you will get updates as scientific discoveries are made, keeping your cat’s profile current. This comprehensive review gives you a lot of helpful insights into this exciting cat health development. [Updated August 2023]

Like you I had questions after seeing so much about DNA in the news both for people and animals….

  • What breed is my cat most like?
  • Which wild cat is my rescue cat most similar to?

I decided to find out what is involved in the kit and dig deeper into the mysteries of genetics. Don’t worry, I’m keeping this simple. Oh, and if you are a multipet household, there is Baspeaws for dogs too!

What is DNA?

First. For those who don’t know much about DNA, here’s a super fast and easy science lesson!

These outlines give you a basic understanding of what genetics is and use terms that appear in many any online discussion or reports on genetics. These terms apply to all genetic testing kits, humans, cats, and dogs.

1. Genome This is the complete set of genes or genetic material present in a cell or organism. You are made up of cells so, if you are a cat, you are a lot of cat DNA!

2. DNA (de-oxy-ribo-nucleic acid) “This is a long molecule that contains each of our cat’s (and humans) unique genetic code. Like a recipe, it holds the instructions for making all the proteins in our bodies” – YG

DNA Is Your Own Cat Codebook

The DNA test Catkit uses the order, known as the sequence, of the DNA to read your cat’s personal genetic makeup. Cats carry their history, coat colour, eye colour and millions of other variables in their genes.

Shipping of the Catkit is free within the USA and costs should be very modest for the rest of the world as the box and contents are lightweight. During these post-pandemic times, please allow a little more time for shipping, delivery, and processing.

Who are Basepaws?

Let us introduce you to the company who have created the kits. They are a cat DNA testing company aiming to make a real difference. 

Not only do they want to help humans understand cats better, but they also dream bigger. Much bigger. They intend to collate millions of cat DNA samples worldwide and invest in the science that will help make cat lives better.

This is not a fancy corporate ‘mission statement’. Basepaws can help discover what triggers certain conditions and they aim to help uncover why some cats are resistant to illness while others are not. Their research could make things like FIP can be made a thing of the past.

  • Basepaws are cat people on a mission, and you can meet a lot of the staff here. Everyone is a cat lover and many have their own cats at home. 
The Whole Basepaws Range 2023

To give you an idea of the scale of the DNA story, did you know that the first human genome took years and millions of dollars to sequence!

Basepaws knows we don’t have a million dollars so they sequence a selection of 27,000,000,000 nucleotides. For tech folks, these nucleotides form the basic structural unit of the nucleic acids in DNA. A report is then generated and sent to you.

Researchers study the transcriptomes of cells as a way to gain insight into how genes function and what their expression means for a cell’s ability to do its job under normal conditions.”

Transcriptomics

Thanks to the Morris Animal Foundation and a recent article on transcriptomics, we have also been able to add an interesting link that gives you insights into the finer details of how genes are read. When genes are read these readouts are called ‘transcripts’, hence the art of ‘transcriptomics’.

Basepaws Kit Contents
What’s in the Basepaws Catkit?

Cat Genetics Made Simple

Plenty of people will see the words ‘DNA’, and ‘science‘ and get ready to run but let’s make one thing clear. This is not scary science. We have discovered that this simple home DNA test could transform the lives of cats worldwide. The impact could be far beyond the first personal cat DNA kit report you receive.

We know that for many people cat genetics used to mean cat coat patterns, or cat ancestry. A breeder will select a cat with a beautiful coat to help produce more kittens of a similar type. BUT, and it is a big but, there is so much more to cat genetics than coat colour.

For many of us, approachable science is mainstream because of the excitement of headliners like Cassini, the NASA Mars landers, and John Hopkins DNA research to catch human cancers earlier.

What you might not know about most pet DNA tests

They only screen for a limited number of different traits and/or diseases. We confess this struck us as being slightly scary. What if you get bad news – right? Basepaws does not ‘cherry pick’ your DNA for the best/worst news.

The one thing we found both amazing and reassuring was that Basepaws sequences every single thing and if something that is discovered from their extensive research that relates to your report – they will let you know.

Cats were not bred, like dogs, for the purpose of targeting specific genes like size, or coat type. They walked in and made themselves useful without any breeding help from humans. This means the genetic code is extremely diverse as you can see in the chromosome painting below.

One day there will be a name, a definition and a function for each piece of the genetic puzzle. Every single gene is recorded by Basepaws, even the ones science doesn’t have a name or function for yet! They are ready for science reveals more of its secrets.

Cat DNA Kit Image

Latest Developments

Basepaws are always expanding their discoveries and have increased the range of their genetic monitors to include increased accuracy in several areas.

“For the traits in the list below, when we adjusted our “lens”, we found brand new genetic variantsthat were very close to the locations where we find the known genetic variants associated with these traits.”

  • Short tail (T gene)
  • Curly coat (LPAR6 gene associated with the Cornish Rex breed)
  • Siamese coat color (TYR gene)
  • Long hair coat (FGF5 gene)

The Whole Genome Test

If you need the full and expanded picture of your cat’s DNA then the latest Whole Genome Test is what you are looking for. It includes the Breed and Health Cat test, and the Oral Health test as well as full access to your cat’s raw data which is sent on a USB drive. You also receive a lifetime of health and breed report updates and, best of all, a 1-hour consultation with a feline genetics coach.

How Do I Use the Cat DNA Test?

The cat DNA test instructions are clear and detailed. Please read them carefully before you start. This way you know exactly what you need to do and the correct sequence of steps.

The CatKit:

  1. 1 swab
  2. iSWAB sample collection device
  3. Plastic “biohazard” bag with an absorbent pad
  4. “Exempt Animal Specimen” label
  5. Outer box to mail sample
  6. 2 adhesive strips on a folded card

After you have followed the procedure to get the fur and oral sample (I told you to read the instructions!) you send off your cat DNA test in the envelope provided.  The waiting time depends on how many kits are being processed at any time. Then the official Report is sent to you.

The Basepaws DNA CatKit Report

The most impressive thing I discovered is that the Catkit isn’t simply a quick turnaround DNA test with a few cute insights. It is much more and the potential impact on cat health worldwide will be considerable. 

Save $25 OFF Breed + Health Cat DNA Test with promo code PAWS2 Your Cat’s Health, Breed, Traits and Habits in Detail

Basepaws Cat Genetics envelope

The goal? Exploration, discovery, and help for cats worldwide.

What Happens When Your Catkit Arrives at Basepaws?

The tech staff record the information in your cat DNA test. You receive a printed report, and your DNA profile is kept on the database. When new developments and discoveries occur in feline genetics – you will be updated.

Your DNA is compared with the other cat results stored on the computer databases.  99% of the sequences will be similar to every other cat. It is the differences that make your cat unique that will stand out.

PRO TIP Early adopters of the DNA test kit get in on the ground floor and receive permanent free updates.

Phoebe’s Catkit Results Are In

Once a DNA test is processed at the company’s Los Angeles facility a genetic and health report about your own cat’s DNA is created. We have just received Phoebe’s report so I updated this post to let you know what her results were.

There will be plenty of information for you to review in your own Cat DNA Report but, rest assured, it is non-technical and very pet parent friendly. This is the kind of thing you can expect to get.

  1. Health and wellness assessments
  2. Care tips from genetically similar cats which are vital as many cats never get taken to the vet (and they need an annual visit)
  3. You can have a report sent to your vet if you wish.
  4. You join the database and share the discoveries made and how these relate to your cat’s health

The Report has a light hearted side too. After all cats love to have fun!

  • Wild cat ancestry index. How close is your cat to its wild ancestors?
  • Predicted weight
  • Cat Traits
  • Catnip response – are you an addict?

The ancestry information will provide a few ‘heads up’ indicators.

  • Possible In-breeding
  • Information for those hoping to trace a maternal or paternal line
  • Family tree with a percentage of breeds
  • The core of the DNA Report is its health information. It will show simple disease markers including:
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  • Comparative Markers
  • Complex Disease Markers
Image Credit © Basepaws

What Is Chromosome Painting

That an indication of the presence of an unusual gene does not mean cats have or will get a specific condition. It means they may be more prone to it. As the company’s genetic research base grows and more discoveries are made, our cat knowledge increases.

Basepaws will inform cats and their pet parents of changes and developments relevant to their cat family. They are also working to include breeds not included in their current breed index.

NOTE: Basepaws have a separate research section for cats with specific conditions. Kits are free for cats who meet very specific criteria. At the moment, IBS, Asthma, or other genetic diseases are under examination. Please check at the link if you believe you may qualify.

To maintain clinical accuracy, veterinary records are part of the submission requirements for applicants. This project is available thanks to grants from committed cat enthusiasts and small companies.

Painting with Cat DNA!

In February 2019 Basepaws announced it was adding something called Chromosome painting to its genetic reports. We have received one as part of our recent report on Phoebe.

Not only does it look beautiful, but it is also a way of representing the genetic code in visual form. This makes relating Phoebe’s DNA to the company’s pedigree breed database a bit easier to do and allows Basepaws to tell me the cats she is most similar to.

What do the Chromosome colours mean?

Thee colours need to be interpreted but you don’t need deep science to do this.

  • Western – are all the breeds from the Americas and Europe.
  • Eastern – are the cats from Asia
  • Hybrid – are the crosses from wild cats
  • Polycats – are the oldest breed descending from unique genes found within them over time.

The length and mix of the colours shown in the chromosome painting – like the section I am including of Phoebe’s – tells science a lot about the genetic history of a cat.

Thanks to the Catkit results I know that cats usually inherit half their genes from their mother and a half from their father. In order that the genes do not create ‘cookie cutter’ cats the genes undergo a process called recombination.

Chromosome painting of a Cat's genes
Except of the Catkit Results for Phoebe (c) DashKitte.com

Recombination means that the genes are shuffled like a pack of cards making the genetic outcome more random. This increases genetic diversity which means healthier cats.

Phoebe from Dash Kitten Dusty Post
Phoebe – DashKitten.com ©

The coloured bars show Phoebe matches certain genetic breed traits, although they do not indicate any pedigree ancestry.

Basepaws’ research onto the genomic regions (see Resources) that define pedigree cats is ongoing, and the more pedigree cat data collected, the larger and more accurate the entire database will be.

A Comparison of Two Catkit Reports

We are fortunate to be able to compare two Catkits which, I hope, will give you some idea of how varied cat genetics and the reports can be. One cat is based in NewZealand (Phoebe) and one in Great Britain (Erin).

Phoebe’s report shows the following genetic composition:

  • 22.42% Western
  • 25.68% Eastern
  • 13.79% Hybrid
  • 38.11% Polycat
Chromosome Read Out for cat
Basepaws® Phoebe’s Reading from the CatKit

Phoebe’s Basepaws CatKit Results

Phoebe’s report shows her as being similar to the Abyssinian, with Ragdoll and Norwegian Forest Cats making up her trio of most similar cat breeds. She is most similar, genetically, to the Leopard in the wild cat families.

We are lucky enough to have a fellow cat blogging colleague who has also done the Basepaws CatKit test Erin the Cat Princess. She is sharing her results with us for the valuable insights they bring.

Erin The Cat Princess
Cat Blogger Erin the Cat Princess (c) M Watson

Erin’s report shows the following genetic composition:

  • 23.82% Western
  • 26.02% Eastern
  • 16.69% Hybrid
  • 33.48% Polycat
Basepaws Catkitt results for a British Shorthair

Erin’s Basepaws CatKit Results

Erin is most similar to the British Shorthair, with Russian Blue and Abyssinian Cats making up her three most similar cat breeds. She is most similar, genetically, to the Cougar, a contrast to Phoebe’s closest wild relative.

Genetics comparison chart for one cat
Basepaws partial infographic. Image Credit © Mark Watson

Feline Diabetes and HCM Research

Basepaws’ Health Mark Testings helped identify a deadly genetic marker for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and NYC feline superstar Catsdradamus and Basepaws want everyone to get tested.

IMPORTANT: The company doesn’t just use the cat test to give you a breakdown of your cats’ sequenced DNA, discuss a bit of cat ancestry, and then walk away. They will keep you informed as more is discovered about cat genetics. This is a key part of the process and one you should value.


Resources on Cat DNA and Genetics

The Cat Fancy Association has a long list of tips and explanations about feline genetics as it refers to cat and kitten coats. This is worth a look if you are primarily interested in how kittens get their colouring. Note: Basepaws and the CatKit goes into much greater depth than the cat coat conundrum!

Genetics is a complex subject but Berkley.edu has a page as part of one of its courses. This covers the more technical side of cat genetics and coat colour. It is an interesting read for those with a little science background.

Genetics is a complex subject but berkley.edu has a page as part of one of its courses. This covers the more technical side of cat genetics and coat colour. It is an interesting read for those with a little science background.

Basepaws have an excellent blog to keep up to date with genetic developments. Always written in friendly non-technical language it is worth following to be up to date on current developments.

Do do cat dna tests work? Of course they do. They give you a reading of your cat’s DNA.

Comprehensive Breed, Health and Dental Analysis Across 114 Traits for Accurate and Easy-to-Use Genetic Insights

If you want a fully comprehensive breakdown of your cat’s DNA you might need the whole genome sequence taht was recently introduced.

Only an in-depth look at your cat’s genome gives you a comprehensive overview of every aspect of their health. Our whole genome sequencing (WGS) test yields 10,000 times more data than other DNA tests so that you can avoid surprises with earlier disease detection. Contribute to science that is advancing the future of feline health so that all cats can live happier, longer lives.

Basepaws

29 thoughts on “Basepaws DNA Test for Cats: A Comprehensive Guide”

  1. I never knew they did them for cats, I did one on Layla about 6 years ago and it was such an eye opener and I learned so much from it, I am really happy they are doing them for cats also, great post

    Reply
  2. This is a very interesting article! I LOVE that they give you such detailed information with updates. That’s a great value. And they will even send a copy to your vet – WOW!!! One of my fave classes in college was genetics. I could go down this rabbit hole for days. Truly enjoyable and well-deserved award on this article!

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  3. That’s so cool Marjorie. Not aware of the cat DNA test. I only watched DNA test kits on Buzzfeed and other vids. Aside from the cat bubble backpacks, I will put this on my bucket list.

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  4. Great post. I’d like to learn more about my rescue, Jazmine. She’s such a fascinating kitty and it would be fun to know more about what makes her tick! Purrs from the Zee/Zoey gang.

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  5. That is truly interesting!
    I wonder if they are doing anything like that for dogs, too?

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  6. So impressed with the commitment these people have made for the betterment of cats! We’ll be wait-and-see for now. Our Tom is happy what he knows. – Julie and kitties

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  7. This is fascinating! I have 4 indoor only cats all over 11 years old… Would be cool and I’m super curious to know their results and yours. I think this would really help now that they are getting older. Thanks for the intro into this 🙂

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  8. Back in our 2nd year of blogging (The Cat From Hell) we were contacted by a PHD vet student who was studying Siamese Cats (and their Genetics) we were asked if we would participate (the researcher followed Nellie’s Blog) and we said yes. We had a very extensive 25 page questionnaire to fill out (answering questions about her “quirks”, other habits, preferred foods, etc) and we sent of a genetic testing kit. We were really happy to participate in this and it was an eye opening experience!
    I am quite interested in your results!
    Love Barb

    Reply
  9. As a scientist in biotech, I loved reading this post. Since Babu is a mutt, might get a dog DNA test kit for him as well to check his ancestry!

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  10. I can see where this testing would be of value to cat breeders who want to be very careful about the genetic health of their cats and kittens. The FIP research is interesting too.

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  11. I had no idea that there was a company using cat DNA test results to track any sort of genetic illnesses for research purposes! This could improve breeds, help researchers find better ways of dealing with and preventing feline illnesses and so much more. I’m impressed by the many possibilities with the Basepaws DNA test kit.

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  12. I didn’t know they did DNA tests for cats. Mr. N did one for dogs and the results were interesting. I’m glad they’re doing more research on genetic diseases!

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  13. We’ve read about the DNA kits for dogs, but didn’t realize there was one for cats! Even though we have the paper work of our ancestry, we’d love to check out our DNA.

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  14. I had no idea that one could do a DNA Cat Test! Like some others here, we’re not in the financial situation right now to afford one. I’ll be interested though to hear what results you get and how that helps you. Maybe someday we’ll try one too!

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  15. Ok this is pretty neat and what a great in depth review. I cannot wait to see the update on the results when you get them!

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  16. This is such a great article–not just a review, but terrific info that all cat folks should know. I hope you’ll enter this in the CWA contest *hint hint* and thanks for shining a light on kitty DNA and how the science helps cat health.

    Reply
  17. This is very interesting! We’ve considered getting a DNA test for our dogs to try to establish what breeds they are (both are mixed), but haven’t gotten around to purchasing one yet.

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  18. This is awesome. Great review and lots of possible future benefits from this test that I doubt any others are offering…. I hope mine will come back with me having some extra special ancestry, maybe related to Captain Jack Sparrow in there MOL

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  19. Very interesting. I would like to try this with both Ruby and Rosie. Nice that it includes some fun stuff with the serious health information. Wild cat ancestry index – would love to see that!

    I have always read that black cats are related to Siamese cats – and have always been curious if Rosie has a bit of Siamese in her background because of the sound of her meow.

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  20. I’m glad to see that they are making a DNA test for cats. My sister did one on her dog and it was really interesting. I’m looking forward to seeing the results of your cat’s test.

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  21. How interesting! We’ve seen these for dogs, so it just follows that there would be one for cats as well. We look forward to seeing your results.

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  22. I’ve heard of DNA kits for dogs, but didn’t know there were any available for cats. How cool! Both my dogs are purebred (I don’t have any cats), but I’ve considered doing a DNA test just because I’m curious what it would say haha. Plus I know some of them claim to be able to predict potential future health issues which I think could be really helpful to know about.

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  23. That’s so cool! We’re watching our wallets right now, so we’ll just live vicariously through YOUR results! 🙂

    Reply

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